Gum Recession: The Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments
By Dr. Jack Gruber, DDS
“While you may not be able to fully regenerate gums that you once had before, there are plenty of ways to treat and even heal receding gum tissue. By knowing the symptoms and signs of gum recession, you can start treatment early and get on the road to healthy gums.”.
Dr. Jack Gruber, DDS
What is gum recession?
Dental health is a major concern for many people, and while you may know the steps to treating common issues, such as cavities, something like gum recession can be unknown and frightening. Receding gums are defined as gums that have pulled away from the tooth. This exposes the root of the tooth and creates minuscule spaces where plaque can collect. The plaque collection can, in turn, lead to more recession and eventually bone and tooth loss.
Until recently, research showed that while some types of tissue on the body regenerate — like your skin’s epithelial tissue — gum tissue did not. The only treatment option would be ways to conserve what gum tissue remained from the recession. Now, however, there’s been an encouraging discovery With proper care and maintenance, receding gums can regenerate.
While you may not be able to fully regenerate gums that you once had before, there are plenty of ways to treat, prevent further loss, and even heal receding gum tissue. By knowing the symptoms and signs of gum recession, you can start treatment early and get on the road to healthy gums.
Symptoms Of Gum Recession
The first sign of gum recession is that there is noticeably less gum tissue around the teeth. As the name implies, gum recession will cause your gums to disappear and more of your tooth surface to show. Other symptoms of gum disease include the following –
- Bad breath
- Red and swollen gums
- A bad taste in your mouth
- Pain when you chew
- Gum sensitivity
Causes of gum recession
Although it is impossible to completely reverse receding gums, knowing the causes and putting a stop to them is a crucial step to preventing your gums from receding further.
Aggressive brushing technique
Brushing your teeth too aggressively can be just as harmful to your dental health as not brushing them enough. The first thing to change about your technique is the brush you’re using. Toothbrushes with hard bristles put high stress on your gums and can cause them to recede. Use soft-bristled toothbrushes or brushes made of ultra-soft rubber bristles to keep your teeth clean while preventing further damage to your gums. Be sure to brush gently and let the bristles do the work.
If you tend to grind your teeth as you sleep, you have an increased risk of gum recession. The grinding and clenching action puts excessive force on your teeth. The parts of the human mouth are very in tune with one another, so as you stress your teeth, your gums will react and begin to recede.
When any of your teeth are abnormally positioned, it may force your gum tissue out of place. Abnormal positioning can include prominent tooth roots, teeth not in alignment with one another, or misaligned attachment muscles.
Poor oral hygiene
Neglecting your oral hygiene can lead to many different health issues. Periodontitis is a severe gum infection that is caused by bacteria that accumulate on your teeth and gums when you don’t brush, floss or clean your teeth. Gum recession is a common result of periodontitis.
You may know that smoking can change the appearance of your teeth, but it can also cause your gums to recede. Whether you smoke cigarettes, chew tobacco, or dip with a pouch of tobacco, you are putting yourself at risk for gum recession and worsening the problem if you already suffer from it.
Injuries to the mouth
As with teeth grinding, any injury that has caused trauma to your mouth can lead to gum recession. Sports injuries are a common cause of receding gums as they can have a severe impact on the head. Even seemingly small things, like body piercing studs on the lip or tongue, can cause prolonged trauma as they rub against the gum tissue and cause a recession.
Even if you brush your teeth with the right brush, have perfectly aligned teeth, and have never experienced trauma to the mouth, you can still experience receding gums because of age or genetics. As you get older, your gums grow weaker and become more susceptible to receding. In the case of genetics, you may have inherited the characteristic of gum recession from your parents as you inherit eye color or shoe size.
Treatment Options For Gum Recession
Another treatment option is to get deep cleaning treatments from your dentist, known as scaling and root planing. During this cleaning, the dentist cleans tartar and plaque from the surface and roots of your teeth. This procedure is especially helpful for those with receding gums who have just started to develop bacteria in the pockets gum recession forms and for those with periodontitis.
For severe gum recession, a procedure called gum grafting can restore lost gum tissue. During gum grafting, a periodontist will take gum tissue from another area of the mouth and graft it, or attach it, to the area with lost gum tissue. As the newly grafted area heals, it protects any exposed roots and gives your gums a more natural look.
While there are ways to treat gum recession, the best strategy is to keep it from starting at all. You can do this by first maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which includes eating a balanced diet and not smoking. The second step to the strategy is practicing excellent dental care. By regularly visiting the dentist and effectively brushing and flossing your teeth, you’ll have the best dental health you possibly can.
Dr. Jack Gruber, DDS is an acclaimed periodontist with a distinguished career in periodontal medicine that has stretched over 40 years. Dr. Gruber has treated thousands of patients as a practicing periodontist and has become a leading authority on gum disease and gum recession. By combining years of practice and research, Dr. Gruber has also pioneered the revolutionary PeriClean toothbrush for the prevention and treatment of gum recession.
A Bristle-Less Tooth Brush Reduces Recession Risk Over One Year Compared to a Conventional Soft Manual Brush
Boehm TK, Kim CS, Chui S, Franc J (2017) A Bristle-Less Tooth Brush Reduces Recession Risk Over One Year Compared to a Conventional Soft Manual Brush. J Oral Hyg Health 5: 221. doi: 10.4172/2332-0702.1000221